ancient astronaut theory
The theory of evolution and attempts to image that evolution Haeckel claimed that claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarizes its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny. Akin to the connection that atpatesvar makes between the growth of the embryo in the womb- its becoming unicellular, multicellular, a waterbeing, then an amphibian, before it becomes a mammal an over emphasis on this, or a literal emphasis, was discredited later.. but it was an influential idea. in the field of education, in the same time, Herbert Spencer wrote If there be an order in which the human race has mastered its various kinds of knowledge, there will arise in every child an aptitude to acquire these kinds of knowledge in the same order.... Education is a repetition of civilization in little.
Charles Kingsley was a reverend, but encouraging of Darwin's preview copy of Origin of the Species, that he read. He felt his own observations of nature made him believe that species were not locked or permanant states of being
wrote in his children's book( which I have read) Water Babies..
and what did the circus and other fairground entertainments give our imaginations, the great escapes the dream world with animals? rough, brute and still dream like? what was it about these dreams? 
How do you know that? Have you been there to see? And if you had been there to see, and had seen none, that would not prove that there were none ... And no one has a right to say that no water babies exist till they have seen no water babies existing, which is quite a different thing, mind, from not seeing water babies.
though this seems the most regular defence of story telling and perhaps not to do with having a different view of Darwin's scientific theory.  Haeckel's illustrations of radiolarians
Look for Darwin's description of a swimming black bear that becomes a whale in Origin of the Species
Link to online discussion about imaging of scientific theories in the 19th century, with specific reference to Origin of the Species